Indian mythology is one of the oldest mythology in the world and has significant values. The cultures on this land show different vibrant colors from region to region & Makar Sankranti is a beautiful example of this.
Makar Sankranti is celebrated on 14th January of every year all over India but with different names and slight variation in rituals. The same day i.e. 14th January is celebrated as Maghi in Punjab & Haryana region, Uttarayan in Gujarat, Khichadi in Bihar & Jharkhand, Magh Bihu in Assam and Pongal in South India.
Irrespective of the region and different names, this festival is celebrated with lots of joy and happiness. The customs of this festival are followed by Hindus and they celebrate the day according to rituals.
MYTHOLOGICAL BELIEF OF MAKAR SANKRANTI
Makar Sankranti is considered as the day when some auspicious change occurs in the positioning of the Sun with Zodiac signs (Rashi-fal). The Sun transits its position from Sagittarius (Dhanu Rashi) to Capricorn (Capricorn) therefore it is called Makar Sankranti where Makar is the Zodiac Sign Capricorn and Sankranti refers to shift or transition.
Along with this astrological mathematics, it is also said that on this day, Lord Surya (the Sun) forgave his son Shani (Saturn) and went to meet him. Hence, this festival became a symbol of forgiveness and demising of quarrels between individuals.
From ancient Indian mythology, there are some stories associated with these pure and wonderful festivals. One of them is related to Bhishma Pitamah from Dwapar Yuga, it is said that Bhishma Pitama waited on the bed of arrows and chose the first day of Uttarayan to leave his mortal body. Another belief with Makar Sankranti is related to the arrival of the holy Ganga River on this earth. It is believed that on this auspicious day, the holy Ganga came to earth following the king Bhagirath and passed through the Ashram of sage Kapila and submerged into the sea.
SCIENTIFIC SIGNIFICANCE OF MAKAR SANKRANTI
This pooja has its scientific significance as well. According to science, 14th January is the day when the Northern side of the earth's hemisphere tilts towards the sun and days start to get longer while nights shorten. In other words, from this day, sun's rays reach the northern hemisphere of earth more straight (Perpendicular) than southern hemisphere (due to the 231/2 degree tilt of earth's axis). The intensity of sun's rays gradually starts becoming intense on the Tropic of Capricorn (known as Makar Rekha in Hindi).
Hence, a noticeable change starts occurring from this day giving a positive ambience around.
RITUALS OF MAKAR SANKRANTI
As Makar Sankranti is celebrated with different names and ways in different regions of India, their customs and rituals differ as well.
But some are common customs or the famous rituals of Makar Sankranti involves:
There are many other rituals belonging to their local customs and traditions. But at the end of the day, the festival Makar Sankranti is all about the celebration of forgiveness, Start of good days, positive energy and pure worship.
MUHURAT OF MAKAR SANKRANTI 2021
Like every year, Makar Sankranti 2021 will be on 14th January (Thursday).
Shubh Muhurat or auspicious timings of 14th January 2021 are:-