5th November, Friday
Facts About Govardhan Puja
Being a diverse country, India has a vast mix of different cultures and traditions. Govardhan Puja is an auspicious day to worship Lord Krishna, as this day marks his victory against Lord Indra. The 4th day of Diwali Puja is celebrated as Govardhan Puja which falls on the first lunar day of Shukla Paksha in the Hindu calendar month Kartika month.
This festival is also known as the ‘Annakut Puja’ & ‘Badi Diwali’. The word Govardhan is derived from the Govardhan mountain, which was lifted by Lord Krishna to save the villagers from heavy rains. On the remembrance of the day for saving them, devotees prepare Chappan Bhog (food made of cereals) and offer it to Lord Krishna.
Govardhan Puja marks the importance of basic elements in human life. Govardhan Puja is said to be a perfect time to show your love towards mother nature. This day is also celebrated as ‘Padwa’ or ‘Bali pratipada’ in some parts of the country and is one of the auspicious festivals related to Lord Krishna.
History of Govardhan Puja
This story revolves around Lord Krishna who spent his childhood in Braj and as a child, Krishna had shown great courage by doing heroic acts. An important incident described in the Bhagavata Purana mentions that cowherds who lived close to Mount Govardhan in Vrindavan used to satisfy Lord Indra by worshipping him and Lord Krishna had a different point of view.
According to Him Mount Govardhan should have been worshipped as it provided livelihood to the villagers. The mountain trees give oxygen and the grass is food for cattle. Lord Krishna explains in the Srimad Bhagavatam – “My dear father, our home is not in the cities or towns or villages. Being forest residents, we always live in the forest & on the hills.”
So, lord Krishna advised the villagers to do so and this irritated Lord Indra and he waved down rain and storm for seven days & seven nights to punish the villagers. But Lord Krishna lifted the Govardhan hill on his little finger & provided shelter to the villagers and is hence given the name – Govardhan dhari. In this way, Lord Indra's pride was defeated and Lord Krishna shows to the villagers that he is the Lord of all Lords (the Supreme Lord).
Krishna declared to the people of Vrindavan that he is Govardhan Hill and hence every year, devotees came to worship the hill as religiously as worshipping Lord Krishna himself from different parts of India & the world.
Celebrations of Govardhan Puja
The people of Gokul & Mathura celebrate this festival with great zeal and happiness. The main ritual of this celebration is to create a model of the Govardhan Hill with cow dung and the structure of Govardhan is then offered milk, honey & water.
Cows, bulls are cleaned, garlanded, and worshipped in the morning. Celebrations are done through traditional worship, indulgence & Aarti throughout India, after decorating the temples of Lord Krishna and organizing a lot of events and worshipping.
Devotees perform Annakut Puja, where they offer Chappan Bhoga – food made of cereals that has 108 types of dishes that are served as Bhoga before the idol of Lord Krishna. At ISKCON (all over the world), the god’s idols are bathed in milk and are worn with new clothes. Once the puja is over, the Bhoga (prasad) is distributed among the devotees.
People worship the Govardhan mountain through singing & dancing. People worship the Govardhan Mountain in faith that they will be protected by this mountain and they will always get the source of living. People also celebrate Govardhan puja at home by following the same rituals and a magnificent feast is served on the occasion. There are special mantras that are chanted during the Pujas, read online astrology to know all about it.
Ask our best astrologers online to learn more about the Puja procedure and talk to online astrologers to learn more about the festival & its rituals.
In 2021, Govardhan Puja (Go Puja) will fall a day after Diwali which is celebrated on 5th November Friday. This occasion is performed during the Muhurat time mentioned by the online astrologers. The days and dates of Muhurat timing can differ from place-to-place depending upon sunrise and sunset time.
We wish all our readers a very Happy & Safe Govardhan Puja – 2021
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