4th November (Saturday)
Lakshmi Puja Muhurta - 18:08 to 20:04
Pradosh Kaal- 17:29 to 20:07
Vrishabha Kaal - 18:08 to 20:04
Amavasya Tithi Begins- 06:02 (04th November)
The festival of Diwali or Deepawali is a Hindu festival and the most adorable festival with joy all over the country. This festival is well known across the world for its celebrations, as it is one of the biggest festivals in India. This auspicious day is also known as the “festival of lights”.
The whole country is brightened with lights (Diya’s) with ghee, firecrackers and every house is decorated with lanterns, flowers & beautiful Rangolis (colorful drawings), as these houses are also filled with laughter, love and lots of sweets. The Diwali celebrations are devoted to the return of Lord Ram after the expulsion of Lord Rama, his brother Laxman and his wife Sita for 14 months. On this day they worship the lord Ram, goddess Sita, goddess Lakshmi, and lord Ganesh by lightning and decorating.
This festival is celebrated on the darkest days of the month, the month of Kartika, on the 15th day according to the Hindu calendar. And is celebrated for five days of cheerfulness and each day holding a different promising significance. On this darkest day, people lighten the diyas to emblaze the light of the moon in a way to welcome Lord Ram and Goddess Sita. By doing this Hindus believe that it is to remove the darkness on this day, And by doing this we remove the evil by worshipping. Usually, this occasion takes place in late October or early November and the dates of Diwali vary every year. In 2021, Diwali is celebrated on Thursday 4th November.
Meaning of Deepawali (Diwali)
As we know that the Diwali festival is a festival of lights, and it is celebrated the return of Lord Ram with the defeat of king Ravana the demon.
The word Deepawali is from Sanskrit which means “row of lights”, which defines Deep as ‘lights’ and Avali as a ‘row’, which together known as ‘Row of lights’ and the festival also signifies the victory of good over evil, and light over darkness. On this day, people light several candles or diyas in temples or at home and streets.
On this five day festival, the third day is considered as the important day as people worship god and celebrate.
Significance of Diwali
Diwali is joy and happiness to the people. This festival includes Dhanteras, Deepdan, Govardhan Puja, and Bhai Dooj, all together it’s a five-day-long festival. This festival brings everyone together and spreads joy among people.
This festival does not only focus on religion and tradition, rather it also has social and economic importance. Despite the discriminations among the people, everyone comes together and shares their joy. On this day people from different places celebrate Diwali in their peculiar way, according to their region.
The festival of Diwali holds special significance in other religions as well. In Jainism, it symbolizes the occasion of Lord Mahavir achieving the everlasting delight of Nirvana.
The Story Behind Diwali Festival
The beginning of Diwali can be traced back to ancient India with several records of how and why the celebrations in the first place began. Some devotees believe it to be a celebration of the goddess of wealth (Laxmi), Lakshmi’s marriage to Lord Vishnu, and few devotees believe it to be a celebration of her birthday – as she is said to have been born on the new moon day of the Kartika month.
Indian tradition values many such tales of the triumph of good over evil which add significance to the celebration of Diwali. This occasion symbolizes the end of Lord Ram’s 14 years of expulsion from the Ayodhya Kingdom along with Sita (wife), Lakshman (brother), and his glorious victory against the Demon king Ravana.
Several parts of India respect the goddess of strength (Kali) and during these auspicious days while some worship Lord Ganesha as he is believed to bless his devotees with knowledge & wisdom.
Celebrations Across India
Diwali begins with the Occasion of Dhanteras, where devotees (families) perform puja of the wealth as a symbol of worshipping Goddess Lakshmi and inviting her into their homes bringing wealth, happiness & prosperity with her. It is also considered to be an auspicious day to buy gold and silver on this day of the occasion.
The occasion of Naraka Chaturdashi celebrates the tale of Lord Krishna and Satyabhama’s defeat over the demon Lord Naraka.
Diwali is a festival which stocks from various records and beliefs with special traditions all over the country. But the true essence of the festival lies in the simple beliefs of prosperity, unity, new beginnings, and welcoming positive energy into our lives. So, enjoy the magical five auspicious days of this celebration of Diwali.
Core Customs and Festivity
As we know the festival of Diwali is celebrated for five days. And the third day is the main festival of Diwali. People celebrate this day by decorating and coloring their homes with flowers and diyas. Lord Ganesh and goddess Lakshmi are the main deities to worship on this day.
The following are some rituals and customs followed by believers on these days of Diwali.
The First Day of Festivity
Dhanteras festival is celebrated on the first day of the five days celebrations of Diwali. Dhanteras have a significant part of Hindu festivals, it is associated with joy and prosperity. On this day people are enthusiastic since it is the beginning of the Diwali festival.
The word Dhanteras is defined as ‘Dhan’ which is ‘money or wealth’, and ‘Teras’ implies the ‘thirteenth day’, as this day is the thirteenth day of the lunar calendar. On this day the goddess of Lakshmi and Lord Ganesh is worshiped by the people. People believe that this is the day when the goddess of Lakshmi came out of the ocean, while the other gods and evils perform “Samundra Manthan”.
Lord Dhanvantari who is the god of Ayurveda is also worshipped on this day. Hindus believe that the god of Ayurveda, Lord Dhanvantari helped mankind by giving the wisdom of Ayurveda, and because of that humans can cure diseases.
This year Dhanteras will be celebrated on Thursday, 2nd November according to the Hindu calendar.
The Second Day of Festivity
The second day of Diwali is commonly known as ‘Choti Diwali’ or ‘Naraka Chaturdashi’. From the Hindu Myology, the goddess of Kali and Lord Krishna defeated the demon Narakasura, on this day. The models or figures of the demon Narakasura are burnt by the people to celebrate on this day.
This year the Chhoti Diwali festival will be celebrated on Friday, 3rd November.
The Third Day of Festivity – Diwali 2021
The third day of the festival is the main day of Diwali and major customs are performed by the people. This day is a new moon day and is called Amavasya. This is the darkest day of the five days festival of the month. On this day, people worship the goddess of Lakshmi and pray for blessings.
People celebrate this day with great enthusiasm and joy. Special dishes and sweets are prepared on this day and all the family members come together and enjoy the day by lightning the laps and having meals together.
Diwali is celebrated in every state in India with great joy. This year the festival of Diwali will be celebrated on Saturday, 4th November.
The Fourth Day of Festivity
The fourth day of the festival is known as Govardhan Puja. This festival has various meanings according to the customs of different regions in India.
According to Hindu Mythology, Lord Krishna defeats the god of rain and thunder, Lord Indra. This day is to celebrate the victory of Lord Krishna.
People from the state of Maharashtra celebrate this day as the victory of Lord Vishnu, as he defeated the demon king, Bali. In Gujarat, this day is celebrated as the beginning of a new year. In India, regions have different tales and customs on this day of celebration.
The Fifth Day of Festivity
Bhai Dooj is a Hindu festival, where sisters pray for their brothers to have a long life. Bhai Dooj is also known as Yama Dwitiya. This festival is a celebration of siblings.
Bhai Dooj festival is celebrated on the fifth day of Diwali which is the last day of the Diwali festival. This festival has the same rituals as the Raksha Bandhan celebrations. On this day brothers give a return gift and make a vow to protect their sisters. On this special day, sisters cook delicious food items for their brothers which is considered a part of the ritual on Bhai Dooj that will fall on 6th November, 2021.
Food Items on Diwali
On Diwali, people show special value in eating items. Not everyone around the world would celebrate Diwali by bursting crackers or lightning diyas. But every individual loves delicious food on this occasion. Here, are some food items that are prepared by people:
Ask our best astrologers online to learn more about the Puja procedure and talk to astrologers online to learn more about the festival & their rituals.
This occasion is performed during the Muhurat time mentioned by the online astrology. The days and dates of Muhurat timing can differ from place-to-place depending upon sunrise and sunset time.
WE WISH ALL OUR READERS A VERY HAPPY, SAFE & PROSPEROUS DIWALI!