In India, festivals are all about affection and euphony. The fun and frolic of the occasion are simply incomplete without good food and happiness and Vasant being the most pleasant season of the year as winter says Bye and summer starts knocking on the door. Vasant Panchami, a popular Hindu festival that is popularly known as ‘Basant Panchami’, is celebrated on the fifth day of the Shukla Paksha of Magh Mas that parallelly falls between January and February of the Gregorian Calendar. Basant Panchami marks the beginning of life as this day is marked as the arrival of happiness. Vasant Panchami is the festival of Hindus but also celebrated by Jains and Buddhists to worship Art.
The festival marks the beginning of the spring season as well as announces the arrival of everyone's favorite festival "Holi" and the birth of Goddess Saraswati, who is the Goddess of Knowledge, Learning, music, and all arts. In addition to this, it is celebrated 40 days before spring as the transformation of a season is 40 days, after which the season comes into full bloom.
There is an interesting history behind celebrating Vasant Panchami as we know Goddess Saraswati is the divinity of learning art and music, people usually celebrate Vasant Panchami to achieve intelligence and penetration.
Today, Lord Vishnu, Lord Krishna, Goddess Radha, and Goddess of education, Mata Saraswati are worshiped with yellow flowers, and all the yellow Prashad, Gulal, water offerings, incense, lamp or sticks, etc. Yellow is the color of Basant Panchami everything in the Puja s yellow as per the tradition, yellow and sweet rice and yellow colored Halwa is offered to God and then eaten as Prasad and even people wear yellow color dresses as it marks the arrival of spring and yellow being color of positivity and also shows the life in nature. In Bengal and Bihar, Goddess Saraswati is served with boondi and ladoo. Sweet rice with saffron and dry fruits are made in almost every house on this occasion. Shriphal (coconut), Mango Wood, ber, and Ganga water are also offered, specifically by Bengali people. Traditionally, in Punjab, Maake ki Roti and Sarso Ka Saag are savored. In Bihar, people used to celebrate Saraswati Puja by offering some special delicacies like Kheer, Boondi, and Malpua to the Goddess. Just like all other festivals, it is marked by many traditional delicacies, for example khichuri, mixed vegetables, Kesari bhaat, Kesar halwa, payesh, begun bhaja, sondesh and rajbhog are served as a bhog on this special day. On Murti Visthapan day, big processions are held. The idols of Maa Saraswati are submerged in the holy water of the river Ganga with all the positivity and purity in the hearts of people. This day is celebrated by savoring Dahi Chura along with gur and banana.
Vasant Panchami is celebrated in different parts of India in different ways especially in North and South India like in Bihar it is celebrated as harvest festival, festival of kites in Punjab, Saraswati Pooja in northern parts of India in schools and colleges, and temple festival in southern parts, In Maharashtra newly married couples, go to the temple wearing yellow color for the blessings for their future, In Uttrakhand, people offers rituals for their crops and agriculture by praying to Mother Earth and Goddess Saraswati and In West, Bengal kids get up with full enthusiasm and get ready to serve Goddess Saraswati with the Prashad and even offer their books to get the blessings.
In Hindu culture, this day is marked as very important. The day is very auspicious in the history of Hindu Culture as all the new work like marriage and house warming i.e. Grah Pravesh. Vedic astrologers regard Vasant Panchami as highly auspicious for any personal or professional work.